White Papers and Downloadable Resources:

Walton, G.M., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). 15 hacks for improving diversity in tech. PDF

*All academic articles are the sole copyright of the respective publishers. Materials are provided for personal, educational use only. Click on PDF to download a copy of the article.

Murphy M. C., Steele, C. M. & Gross, J. J. (2007).  Signaling threat: How situational cues affect women in math, science, and engineering settings.  Psychological Science, 18, 879-885. PDF
Murphy, M. C. & Dweck, C. S. (2010).  A culture of genius: How environments’ lay theories shape people’s cognition, affect, and behavior.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36,283-296. PDF
†Wout, D. A., †Murphy, M.C. & Steele, C. M. (2010).  When your friends matter: The effect of White students’ racial friend networks on meta-perceptions and perceived identity contingencies. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 1035-1041. PDF
Murphy, M.C., Richeson, J. A., Molden, D.C. (2010). A motivational approach to studying interracial interactions. Social and Personality Compass, 2, 1-14. PDF
Murphy, M.C., & Taylor, V.J. (2011). The role of situational cues in signaling and maintaining stereotype threat. To appear in Inzlicht, M. & Schmader, T. (Eds.).Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Applications. Oxford University Press: New York, NY. PDF
*Bean, M.G., Slaten, D., Horton, W.S., Murphy, M.C., Todd, A.R., & Richeson, J.A. (2012). Prejudice concerns and race-based selective attention: Evidence from eyetracking. Social and Personality Psychological Science, 3, 722-729. PDF
Murphy, M. C., Richeson, J. A., Shelton, J. N., Rheinschmidt, M. L., & Bergsieker, H. B. (2013). Cognitive costs of contemporary prejudice.  Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 16, 560-571. PDF
Murphy, M.C. & Walton, G.M. (2013). From prejudiced people to prejudiced places: A social-contextual approach to prejudice. In Stangor, C. & Crandall, C. (Eds.).Frontiers in Social Psychology Series: Stereotyping and Prejudice. Psychology Press: New York, NY. PDF
*Emerson, K. T. U. & Murphy, M.C. (2014). Identity threat at work: How social identity threat and situational cues contribute to racial and ethnic disparities in the workplace. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 20, 508-520. PDF
*Salerno, J.M., Murphy, M.C., & Bottoms, B.L. (2014). Moral outrage drives biases in juvenile sex offender registration decision-making. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 20, 398-410. PDF
Wout, D. A., Murphy, M.C., & Barnett, C. (2014). When having Black friends isn’t enough: How threat cues undermine safety cues in friendship formation. Social and Personality Psychological Science, 5, 844-851. PDF
*Boucher, K.L., Rydell, R. J., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). Forecasting the experience of stereotype threat for others. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 58,56-62. PDF
*Carter, E. R., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). Group-based differences in perception of racial bias: What counts, to whom, and why? Social and Personality Psychology Compass 9, 269-280. PDF
*Carter, E.R., Peery, D., Richeson, J.A., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). Does cognitive depletion shape bias detection for minority group members? Social Cognition, 33,241-254. PDF
*Emerson, K.T.U., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). A company I can trust? Organizational lay theories moderate stereotype threat for women. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 41, 295-307. PDF
Murphy, M.C., & Dweck, C.S. (2015a). Mindsets shape consumer behavior. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 26, 127-136. PDF
Murphy, M.C., & Dweck, C.S. (2015b). Mindsets and consumer psychology: A response. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 26, 165-166. PDF
Murphy, M.C. & Zirkel, S. (2015). Race and belonging in school: How anticipated and experienced belonging affect choice, persistence, and performance. Teachers College Record, 117, 1-40. PDF
*Perry, S.P., Murphy, M.C., & Dovidio, J.F. (2015). Modern prejudice: subtle, but unconscious? The role of bias awareness in Whites’ perceptions of personal and others’ biases. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 61, 64-78. PDF
*Perry, S. P., Murphy, M.C., Dovidio, J., & van Ryn, M. (2015). The joint effect of bias awareness and self-reported prejudice on intergroup anxiety and intentions for intergroup contact. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 21, 89-96. PDF
†Walton, G.M., †Murphy, M.C., & †Ryan, A.M. (2015). Stereotype threat in organizations: Implications for equity and performance. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 523-550. PDF
Zirkel, S., Garcia, J.A., & Murphy, M.C. (2015). Experience-sampling research methods and their potential for education research. Educational Researcher, 44, 7-16. PDF
Geronimus, A. T., James, S., Hatzenbuehler, M., Murphy, M.C., & Destin, M. (2016). Jedi public health: Co-creating an identity-safe culture to eradicate health inequity. Social Science and Medicine, 2, 105-116. PDF
Murphy, M.C. & Destin, M. (2016). Social psychological approaches to supporting the college success of low income, first generation, and racial and ethnic minority students.  Working Paper Series: Improving College Completion. The Century Foundation. PDF
*Boucher, K.L., Fuesting, M.A., Diekman, A., & Murphy, M.C. (2017). Can I work with and help others in the field? How communal goals influence interest and participation in STEM fields. Frontiers in Psychology. PDF
*Boucher, K.L., & Murphy, M.C. (2017). Why so few?: The role of social identity and situational cues in understanding the underrepresentation of women in STEM fields. In Mavor, K.I., Platow, M., & Bizumic, B. (Eds.). Self, Social Identity, and Education. Psychology Press: New York, NY.  PDF
*Carter, E.R., & Murphy, M.C. (2017). Consensus and consistency: Exposure to multiple discrimination claims shapes whites’ intergroup attitudes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 73, 24-33. PDF
*Kroeper, K.M., & Murphy, M.C. (2018). Supporting college and career readiness through social psychological interventions. In Larsen-McClarty, K., Mattern, K., Gaertner, M. (Eds.). Preparing students for college and careers: Theory, measurement, and educational practice. Taylor & Francis: New York, NY. PDF
*Bian, L., Leslie, S., Murphy, M.C, & Cimpian, A. (2018). “You need to be a genius to do that!”: Messages about brilliance undermine women’s interest. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 76, 404-420. PDF
*Murphy, M.C., Kroeper, K. M., & Ozier, E. (2018). Prejudiced places: How contexts shape inequality and how we can change them. Policy Insights from the Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 5, 66-74. PDF
*Carter, E. R., Brady, S. T., Murdock-Perriera, L. A., Gilbertson, M. K., Ablorh, T., & Murphy, M. C. (in press). Intergroup friendships shape college students’ perceptions of injustice and collective action. Journal of Theoretical Social Psychology. PDF
*Murdock-Perriera, L.A., Boucher, K.L., Carter, E.R., & Murphy, M.C. (in press). Places of belonging: person and place focused interventions to support belonging in college. To appear in Paulsen, M. (Ed.). Higher Education Handbook of Theory and Research. Springer Publishers: New York, NY. PDF
*Rucker, J.M., Quintanilla, V.D., & Murphy, M. C. (2019). The immigrant labeling effect: The role of immigrant labels on prejudice against noncitizens. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. PDF
*Canning, E. A., Muenks, K., Green, D. J., & Murphy, M. C. (2019). STEM faculty who believe ability is fixed have larger racial achievement gaps and inspire less student motivation in their classes. Sciences Advances, 5, eaau4734. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau4734  PDF Supplement
Study Infographic 
Cheryan, S., Lombard, E.J., Hudson, L., Louis, K., Plaut, V.C., Murphy, M.C. (2019). Double isolation: Identity expression threat predicts greater gender disparities in computer science, Self and Identity, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1609576  PDF
Murphy, M.C., Carter, E.R., Emerson, K.T.U., Cheryan, S. (2019). The long reach of prejudiced places? Stereotype expectations and motivation to pursue education among previously- and never-incarcerated black men, Self and Identity, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2019.1624605  PDF
Kroeper, K. M., Muenks, K., & Murphy, M. C. (2019). Marriage Equality: On the Books and on the Ground? An Experimental Audit Study of Beliefs and Behavior towards Same-Sex and Interracial Couples in the Wedding Industry. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy,  PDF
Holmes, J. M., Bowman, N. A., Murphy, M. C., & Carter, E. (2019). Envisioning college success: the role of student identity centrality. Social Psychology of Education. DOI: 0.1007/s11218-019-09493-7. PDF
Canning, E. A., Murphy, M. C., Emerson, K. T. U., Chatman, J. A., Dweck, C. S., & Kray, L. J. (2019). Cultures of genius at work: Organizational mindsets predict cultural norms, trust, and commitment. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. DOI: 10.1177/0146167219872473. PDF
Canning, E. A., LaCosse, J., Kroeper, K. M., & Murphy, M. C. (2019). Feeling like an imposter: The effect of perceived classroom competition on the daily psychological experiences of first-generation college students. Social Psychological and Personality Science. DOI: 10.1177/1948550619882032. PDF



† Indicates shared first authorship.

* Indicates manuscripts in collaboration with current or former graduate students, undergraduates, or postdocs.

Contact Us

Tel: 812-856-7801


The Mind and Identity in Context Lab


1101 E. 10th Street

Bloomington, IN 47405